Single camera techniques

A single camera technique is when dramas, comedies or documentaries using one camera whilst filming, every angle and shot is used within the same camera.

Example 1 breaking bad

This is an open-ended realist TV series. This series is non-linear this is due to Walter normally having flash backs and the end of episode is normally left open until next time.

Breaking bad format is a TV serial drama, which has been pre-recorded so the viewer has to watch from episode 1 in order to understand the whole series. Having a serial format shows that it has a unique arc for every series and then gains a new one for a new series.


screen-shot-2016-12-11-at-12-29-48In season 4 episode 4 they put close-up shots to good use as they show the expression of a character’s face, here in this shot mike is shot in the ear and he tries to fix it by placing the piece that was shot off back on his ear, unfortunately it falls right back off.


The series main platform is DVD. The series is drama and crime, this series relies on its camera angles to capture the character’s emotions and expressions. Within this show they usually use close-up shots and medium shots to capture what is going on. The use of these shots allows the audience the emotions and expressions that are going on. Long shots can be used to show that the characters are in a far and dangerous place.


Django is a drama and western film, its is a linear movie and has a realist narrative, it was based on real events and occurrences, the movie tries to connect with the audience. Django is a singular film which means the story line focuses on main characters and people of interest for example Dr Schultz and Django.

in this scene they used a over shoulder shot which can be used to show the viewing point of the person talking to the person of interest, this shot shows the seriousness and emotion of Django.

This is a medium shot in this scene they used a medium shot to show his scars, this shows the audience that he was some sort of slave and he has now been released from his shackles, in this scene it goes quiet and they only used sound of significance e.g his cloak falling to the ground.

Editing in this scene was used to create a sense of distortion within the audience, they used a series of shots to show back and forth motion as if they were whipping you with different camera angles and shots.


Wardogs is a comedy/drama film. It is a non linear, realist film the main characters are David Packouz and Efraim Diveroli. The way the film is non linear it starts David tied up with a gun to his head and then flashbacks towards how everything started. It finishes with a closed ending when everything has a solution and has a resolve by the end.screen-shot-2016-12-11-at-11-51-34

This is a medium two shot, it allows the audience to see the main character’s surroundings but also allows the audience to focus on the main characters, this shot shows the characters are in a busy place, it shows the face of Efraim (right) that he is pretty serious and wants to get to his destination and David (left) is quite young and has a lot to learn.


This is an extreme by showing the large amounts of landscape around our characters, using this shot allows the audience to gain an understanding of where the characters are and what they’re doing. Within this scene you can hear crowd chatter that shows the audience that the characters are in a town, within Jordan. You can hear the Islamic call for prayer which shows that they are in a country under the sharia law.


Close up shot – this shot is used when the camera is in an objects or persons personal space, usually involves the object or person. Productions usually use this type of shot to show expressions of a person, they can also use this to show points of interest.

Medium shot – A medium shot is captured by using a medium distance, this shot is in between a long shot and close up shot. A medium shot can allow the audience to gain a further understanding of the character or object because this shot can possibly allow the surrounding into the camera shot.

Long shot – The long shot is mainly used to show the entire object or person with more of the surroundings compared to a medium shot. Long shots gives the audience more of a view, productions can use this shot to show distance between object or person.

Extreme long shot – An extreme long shot can be used to show large amounts of landscape around object/s or character/s. this shot focuses more on the landscape within the shot compared to a close up shot where focuses more on the persons face is.

Medium close up – This shot is in between a close up and a medium shot, it is usually used to show the person or object more clearly without getting too close.

Two shot – Two shots mostly involves 2 people with in the scene, the use of a two shot could show the type of relationship between two people for example it could show the audience that the two people within this shot really hate each other.

Over shoulder – over the shoulder shot give the impression you’re viewing everything this person or object is view from behind their shoulder.

Narrative elements


Linear production normally runs from start to finish in a sequential order, the majority of these productions have a main plot that carries on throughout the series.


Non-linear productions have a storyline but are not in sequence, these productions usually contain flashbacks.


Flashbacks can be used in a film/TV shows to give them more a story; they usually use flashbacks to show the audience more on an emotional understanding.


Realist can be a plot that is very believable to the audiences due to the events that take place; this gives the audiences a sense of realism.

Anti Realist

Anti-realist are films that contain a lot of CGI and green screen and they can be films that do not give of the realism effect.

Open endings

Open endings are endings of films that usually end on a cliff-hanger or an unresolved ending, they do this to keep their audiences constantly guessing about what’s going to happen next.

Closed endings

Closed endings are narratives that usually end with a solution. Film/TV show that normally finds a resolve by the end of the show.


Editing is one of the most important things when it comes to films/TV shows. Editing can be used in a variety of ways, it can show interactions between different characters e.g they could use a close up shot to show the expression of one character and then they could use a medium shot to show another character shouting and editing brings those shots together. Editing can control the way the audience is feeling, editing can be used to enhance different camera shots to make them more appealing to the audience


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